Bladder cancer is Cancer affecting the Urinary Bladder. Bladder cancer is a fairly common form of cancer and men are affected two to three times more than women. Most Bladder Cancers occur after the age of 55. The disease bladder cancer is not contagious. Dr. Dilip Raja who is a practising Urology, Andrology and Uro-Oncology for last more than 35 years in Mumbai, India will do a complete evaluation and examination to detect Bladder cancer.
If Transitional Cell Carcinoma – of the Bladder is detected on Biopsy, subsequent evaluation will be done for staging, grading and distant spread of bladder cancer
The most common is urothelial bladder cancer, also known transitional cell bladder cancer (TCC). It is commonest type of the bladder cancer.
Some rarer types of bladder cancer are squamous cell bladder cancer, adenocarcinoma, sarcoma and small cell bladder cancer.
Following are the risk factors for bladder cancer include the following:
The majority of bladder tumours are cancerous; however, this is not always the case. Some of these tumours remain benign. Some benign tumours are similar in appearance to malignant tumours therefore it is essential to undergo a biopsy to determine the state of the tumour.
The Bladder Cancer can be classified in many ways. One depends on Invasiveness and Non-invasiveness.
Tests can indicate the depth of which cancer has developed into the bladder wall. As mentioned above, if it remains within the inner walls of the bladder, without growing into the outer layers, it is non-invasive. If it grows into the outer layers of the bladder, it is invasive. Invasive cancers spread more easily and are often more difficult to treat.
The stage refers to the growth or spread of the cancer in the place it started. Additionally, it tells if the cancer has spread to other organs of your body that are close by or farther away.
Cancer can be stage 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread.
Grade refers to how cancer appears under the microscope. Low-grade bladder cancers look very similar to normal bladder cells. They usually grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less similar to normal bladder cells. They are more likely to grow and spread and may be harder to treat.
Once diagnosed, bladder cancer is treated by a multidisciplinary team, which may include a urologist, a pathologist, a clinical oncologist, and a radiologist, among others.
Depending on the stage of the cancer and the risk it poses to the patient, different treatments can be given. One or more of the following treatments may be recommended, depending on the stage, invasiveness and grade: