The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that forms part of the male reproductive system. The gland is made up of two lobes or regions enclosed by an outer layer of tissue. It is located in front of the rectum and just below the urinary bladder which is the storage organ for urine. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the canal through which urine passes out of the body.
Benign enlargement of the prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non cancerous growth of the prostate gland. It is considered more as an aging disorder rather than a disease.
As the age advances and hair turns grey, the prostate gland enlarges around the same time. The prostate gland continues to grow during most of a man’s life. However, it does not cause symptoms before 40 years of age. After 50 years of age, a man begins to complain of symptoms due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). As the prostate enlarges, the layer of tissue surrounding it stops it from expanding, causing the gland to press against the urethra like a clamp on a garden hose. The bladder wall becomes thicker and irritable. The bladder begins to contract even when it contains small amounts of urine, causing more frequent urination. Eventually, the bladder weakens and loses the ability to empty itself, so some of the urine remains in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and partial emptying of the bladder cause many of the problems associated with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
Obstructive Symptoms are: –
Irritative Symptoms are: –
Symptoms of BPH could be due to complications occurring secondary to neglecting the treatment of enlarged prostate.
These could be : –
The patient may first notice the irritative or obstructive symptoms of out flow obstruction (LUTS) secondary to BPH or it could be detected during a routine health check-up. When BPH is suspected the patient should be examined by Urologist (a specialist who deals and treats in the problems of urinary tract and the male reproductive system). The urologist will evaluate the symptoms and advise:-