Semen analysis: It is a male fertility test that starts with a semen sample collection in a clean container. The male can masturbate and release the ejaculate completely keeping 05 days of abstinence. First few drops of the semen are very rich in sperms. Hence, you should carefully collect the semen and then give it for examination.An average sperm count is around 15 million to 200 million per ml of the ejaculate. Sperm count less than 15 million, we call oligospermia or low sperm count. Less than five million is severe oligospermia that means severely reduced sperm count. Not only the count but we also have to check the sperm motility, morphology and viability as it plays a significant role. All three functional parameters together to call a good sperm analysis.The morphology that is shape of the sperm head, or the sperm tail should be standard as it plays a vital role in attaching the egg. The sperm quality is examined under a high magnification microscope.
In a few cases, there is not even a single sperm in the ejaculate, i.e., Azoospermia. In such cases, we do a hormone analysis of the males. We check the testosterone level, the FSH, LH, Thyroid, etc.